Green Tea is getting highly popular among health lovers. It is made after the process of oxidation and withering of Camellia Sinensis leaves. Green tea comes in numerous varieties on the basis of process of their production, growing condition and the time of harvest. Green Tea has its origin in China. Many books were written on green tea which talks about the effects of green tea on the health of vital organs.
Green tea is considered very beneficial because it contains the bioactive compounds which help in improving the different aspects of your health. Many of these compounds make the green tea a final drink. Among all the compounds EGCG (Epigallocatechin Gallate) is the most powerful compounds in the green tea. This compound is responsible for treating and preventing various diseases.
Another reason to drink green tea is that an unsweetened brewed green tea has zero calories which mean when you are drinking it, you don’t have to worry about gaining some extra pounds. The flavonols and catechins present in the green tea make it beneficial in increasing the metabolic rate and regulation of body weight. It is also helpful in inhibiting the inflammation in the body.
Now let’s look at the numerous health benefits of green tea:
Reduces the risk of cancer
Numerous studies have found that polyphenols present in the green tea are responsible for the anti-cancer properties of the green tea. Polyphenols fight free radicals and protect the cells from the damage caused by the oxidative reactions. Green tea polyphenols are also able to alter the immune system function. Green tea helps in the prevention of many cancers including lung, skin, liver, breast, colon, and pancreas. The compounds present in green tea can prevent the proliferation of cancer cells and can speed up the recovery. EGCG present in the green tea is found to have the ability to kill the cancer cells without affecting the ones which are healthy. As per the recent studies, it was found that drinking at least 4 cups of green tea per day can help in cancer treatment.
Good for heart
A report published by Harvard Medical School found that green tea can protect the heart from various diseases. It can lower the bad cholesterol levels and increase the antioxidant capacity of the blood, which can prevent the heart attacks significantly. Studies have proved that drinking green tea can lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases to as much as 31%. The catechins present in the green tea can prevent the risk of atherosclerosis which is a major reason for heart attack. Furthermore, there are studies to prove that green tea can reduce the levels of bad cholesterols without affecting the level of good cholesterols.
Blood pressure regulation
The green tea intake can improve blood pressure levels. It was found that 3-4 cups of green tea daily can reduce the high blood pressure and the risk of coronary heart diseases and stroke are reduced by 5% and 8% significantly. Blood pressure is usually caused by Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which is secreted by kidneys. Green tea is believed to have a natural ACE inhibitor, which helps in lowering the blood pressure.
Eliminates the risk of diabetes
Green tea affects the body cells in such a way that it starts to metabolize the sugar in a better way. The polyphenols present in the green tea enhances the metabolic rate-cutting down the risk of diabetes. One study showed that drinking 6 or more cups of green tea can reduce the risk of diabetes to as much as 33%.
It encourages weight loss
The Polyphenols present in the green tea aids in weight loss. The tea helps in metabolizing fat from the fat cells. The active compounds present in the green tea boost certain fat-burning hormones. During exercise, green tea increases the fat burn. Green tea also increases the metabolic rate which promotes weight loss.
EGCG presents in the green tea limit the production of the molecules which are responsible for inflammation and pain. Green tea improves the health of cartilage and bones. Few studies claimed that EGCG present in the green tea is 100 times more effective as an antioxidant than Vitamin C and E. EGCG in the green tea can reduce the inflammatory condition of arthritis without affecting the function of other cells.
It promotes longevity
A few studies found that green tea can enhance the life expectancy of a person. However, it was also found that the caffeine present in the green tea can cause calcium deficiency which is why calcium supplementation is very important when you are increasing the intake of green tea.
Keeps your brain healthy
Green tea has caffeine, though not as much as in coffee but enough to produce the therapeutic effects of caffeine. Caffeine in the green tea can block the activity of adenosine which is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Therefore helping the firing of neurons and boosting the health of the brain. Furthermore, green tea contains an amino acid named L-Theanine which can cross the blood-brain barrier and can sharpen the cognition. L-Theanine is responsible for increasing the activity of GABA which has anti-anxiety effects on the body. Both caffeine and L-theanine present in the green tea work together and boost overall brain health. Studies have also proved the benefits of green tea in the prevention and treatment of Parkinsons’ and Alzheimer’s. It was found that an individual who drinks green tea one to six times in a week have fewer chances of getting mental illness.
It improves digestive health
The antioxidants present in the green tea can improve your digestive health. Green tea contains catechins which slow down the activity of digestive enzymes which directly leads to weight loss. EGCG present in the green tea can also help in the conditions like colitis. Colitis is an inflammation of GIT. Vitamin B, C and D present in the green tea improves the digestion of an individual.
Reduces the chances of tooth decay
Studies prove that people who regularly drink coffee have great oral health. The tea reduces the inflammation and also discourages the growth of some kind of bacteria which leads to tooth decay. The polyphenols present in the green tea can be very effective in reducing plaque by suppressing a compound called glucosyltransferase which feeds on sugar.
Green tea is very effective in a variety of health conditions. For a healthy life-style incorporate a cup of freshly brewed green tea in your daily routine to see a difference in your health.0