Parsley is most commonly used in European countries, Middle Eastern, and America. The scientific name of parsley is Petroselinum crispum. It is a flowering plant of genus Apiaceae. From the ancient time, it is used as a herb, a vegetable and a spice.
100 grams of Parsley contains
Water- 87.71 gm
Energy- 36 kcal
Protein – 2.97 gm
Carbohydrate – 6.33gm
Fibre – 3.3 gm
Sugars – 0.85 gm
Calcium – 138 mg
Iron – 6.2 mg
Potassium – 554 mg
Sodium – 56 mg
Magnesium – 50 mg
Lipid – 0.79 gm
Additionally, it is a good source of Vitamin A, K, E, C, Thiamine, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Riboflavin, Folate, Iron and Zinc. It also has many volatile compounds like limonene, myristicin, eugenol and alpha-thujene.
Health benefits of parsley
Parsley has numerous health benefits, and some of them are given below:
Parsley is rich in antioxidants
Parsley contains many flavonoid antioxidants like apigenin, lycopene, Beta- carotene and alpha-carotene. Being a powerful antioxidant, it prevents the body cells from free radical damage. Radical damage is the root cause of many chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases
The bright green colour of parsley is due to chlorophyll which is effective as a defence against carcinogenic agents that are generated when meat is grilled at high temperature. If you like to eat meat pair it with parsley to reduce its bad effects.
Apigenin found in Parsley is a naturally occurring chemical which reduces the size of tumours in breast cancer.
Parsley reduces oedema (water retention)
Studies have proved that parsley has diuretic properties which provide relief from bloating and oedema. Just a teaspoon of its juice is enough to relieve the symptoms. It is even better than over-the-counter diuretics as they can also flush out the potassium. As this herb is rich in potassium, it will help you in maintaining the right level of potassium.
Parsley boots immunity
As Parsley is high in Vitamin C, it can give a boost to your immune system. Its essential oil can benefit an over-stimulated immune system. Parsley can heal the wound quickly.
Parsley has anti-inflammatory properties
Apigenin present in parsley has an anti-inflammatory property. It is also used in treating the inflammation of kidneys and bladder. Being high in vitamin C, it also fights inflammation and raises immunity. Parsley also contains quercetin which is also great in fighting inflammation.
Parsley to cure anaemia
Parsley is rich in iron, so it is very effective in treating anaemia. You can simply boost your iron intake by garnishing your dishes with the leaves of parsley. You can also drink parsley smoothie. Additionally adequate vitamin C level help in more effective iron absorption.
Parsley prevents Halitosis
Parsley is very effective in treating bad breath. Make it a habit to incorporate parsley in your meal to prevent the bad breath. It has anti-bacterial properties which reduce the development of bad breath causing bacteria. It also helps in eliminating excessive flatulence and body odour.
Parsley in diabetes
Myricetin in Parsley is a natural treatment of diabetes. It lowers the blood glucose level effectively along with reducing the insulin resistance of the body.
Deficiency of Vitamin K is associated with bone fractures. It also plays a vital role in calcium absorption and urinary excretion of calcium. You only need 10 sprigs to fulfil the need for vitamin K.
Parsley has Vitamin C which helps in the synthesis of collagen. Collagen is needed in the body to build support around the bones, in the absence of which it will become more prone to fractures.
Benefits on heart
Parsley contains a good amount of folate. Folate is essential for normal cell replication. It also helps in fighting various types of cardiovascular diseases. Folate is said to reduce the amount of Homocysteine which is an amino acid. High concentration of Homocysteine can damage the blood vessel, and it also produces bad effects on your heart.
Parsley detoxifies the body
The flavonoids present in the parsley can increase the production of a liver enzyme which can help in detoxifying the body. You can drink tea which is infused by parsley to detoxify your body.
Adding parsley in your meal can not only enhance the presentation of the dish, but it can also add more flavour and health in it. It is a great way to add nutrients to your food. However, if consumed in excess it can cause uterotonic effects in a pregnant woman. A balanced consumption of parsley is very necessary to gain the maximum health benefits.0